New Delhi: Chhath Puja is also the main festival of the Hindus, like Navratri, Durga Puja. The Chhath Puja festival, which is celebrated in the month of Kartik (according to Hindu calendar), has a great importance. Chhath Puja is primarily a festival of worship of Lord Surya (Sun). Chhath is considered to be the sister of Lord Sun. Chhath mai is pleased with worship of Sun at the Chhath festival, and in the house family, it is filled with happiness and wealth.
This festival of worship of the Lord Sun is celebrated twice a year. Chaitra Shukla Shashthi and Kartik Shukla Shashthi However, the Chhath festival is celebrated as the celebration of Kartik Shukla Sashthi. This festival, which lasted for four days, is known by many names like Chhath Puja, Dala Chhath, Chhath Mai Puja, Surya shashthi Puja etc.
Why do Chhath worship?
Everybody has their own reasons for worshiping Chhath or fasting, but mainly Chhath Puja is performed by worshiping the Lord Sun god and seeking grace for health and wealth. Devi Chhath also bless with child to childless couple. This fast is also kept for the fulfillment of desires.
Who is the goddess Chhathi and how the origin?
Chhath Devi is consider to be the sister of Lord Sun. But according to the Chhath Vrat Katha, Chhath Devi has been told Devsena, daughter of God. In the introduction, Devsena says that she has originated from the sixth part of nature’s original tendency. This is the reason that it is called as shashthi. Goddess says, if you wish to attain health, wealth and child then worship me duly. This worship should be done on Kartik Shukla Shasthi
In the mythological texts, this festival is also added with Devi Sita who worshiped lord sun on Kartik shulk shashthi after the arrival of Lord Shri Ram to Ayodhya during the Ramayana period. In the Mahabharata period, Kunti also did this puja to attain son like Lord Sun.
Sunrise on Chhath Puja – 06:41
Sunset on the day of Chhath Puja – 17:28
Shashthi Tithi Start – 01:50 (November 13, 2018)
Shashthi Tithi End – 04:22 (14 November 2018)
Four days of Chhath Puja
On the first day of Chhath Puja, Nahay Khay (November 11, Sunday) – Chhath Puja festival is celebrated even though on Kartik Shukla Shashthi, but it starts with Kartik Shukla Chaturthi. It is believed that on this day Vrati (fasting person) takes vegetarian food after bath and wear new cloths. Only after the meal of Vrati, other members of the household eat food.
The second day of Chhath Puja, Kharna (November 12, Monday) – Fasting is kept throughout the day on Kartik Shukla Panchami and in the evening, takes light food. It is called Kharna. Fasting is done without getting food and water on this day. In the evening rice and jaggery are eaten by making pudding. Salt and sugar are not used.
Evening Arghya (November 13, Tuesday) – Prasad of Chhath Puja is made on the occasion of Shasthi. Prasad and fruits are decorated in a bamboo basket. By worshiping a basket, all the vratis go to the pond, river, or ghat etc. to give arghya to the sunset.
Morning Arghya (November 14, Wednesday) – The next day ie on Saptami, in the morning sunrise, the process of sun worship is repeated. Puja is done by giving Prasad.