Indian Freedom Struggle: Important Events
Mutiny against the British
Indian National Congress is founded by A.O. Hume
Partition of Bengal announced
Muslim League was founded at Decca on 31st December.
Khudiram Bose was executed on 30th April.
Tilak was sentenced to six years on charges of sedition on 22nd July.
Minto-Morley Reforms of Indian Councils Act - 21st May.
Delhi durbar held. Partition of Bengal is cancelled.
New Delhi established as the new capital of India
A Bomb was thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi on 23rd December.
The Ghadar Party was formed at San Francisco on 1st November
Tilak was released from jail on 16th June.
Outbreak of the 1st World War 4th August
Komagatamaru ship reaches Budge Budge (Calcutta port) on 29the September.
Mahatma Gandhi arrived in India on 9th Jan
Gopal Krishna Gokhale died on 19th February.
Tilak founded Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Poona on 28th April.
Annie Besant started another Home Rule League on 25th September.
Mahatma Gandhi launches the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters in April
The Secretary of State for India, Montague, declares that the goal of the British government in India is introduction of Responsible Government on 20th August.
Beginning of trade union movement in India.
Rowlatt Bill introduced on Feb 16, 1919.
The Jallianwala Bagh tragedy took place on 13th April in Amritsar.
The House of Commons passes the Montague Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919 on 5th December. The new reforms under this Act came into operation in 1921.
First meeting of the All India Trade Union Congress, (under Narain Malhar Joshi).
The Indian National Congress (INC) adopts the Non-Co-operation Resolution in December.
Mahatma Gandhi suspends Non-Co-operation Movement on Feb 12 after the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura.
Moplah rebellion on the Malabar coast in August.
Swaraj Party was formed by Motilal Nehru and others on 1st January.
The Communist Party of India starts its activities at Kanpur.
The Kakori Train Conspiracy case in August
The British Prime Minister appoints Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India.
Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on Feb 3. An all-India hartal is called. Lala Lajpat Rai assaulted by police at Lahore.
Nehru Report recommends principles for the new Constitution of India. All parties conference considers the Nehru Report, Aug 28-31, 1928.
Lala Lajpat Rai died on 17th November due to injuries.
Sarda Act passed: prohibs marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years of age.
All Parties Muslim Conference formulates the 'Fourteen Points' under the leadership of Jinnah on 9th March.
Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwari Dutt throw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assen on 8th April.
Lord Irwin's announced that the goal of British policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status on 31st October.
The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence (poorna swarajya) for India; Jawaharlal Nehru hoists the tricolour on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore on 31st December.
First Independence Day observed on 26th January.
The Working Committee of the INC meets at Sabarmati and passes the Civil Disobedience resolution on 14th February.
Mahatma Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi Mar (Mar 12 to Apr 6). First phase of the Civil Disobedience movement: Mar 12, 1930 to Mar 5, 1931.
First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon Commission on 30th November.
On 5th March, the Gandhi lrwin pact was signed and the Civil Disobedience movement was suspended.
Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru were executed on 23rd March.
Second Round Table Conference took place on 7th September.
Gandhiji returns from London after the deadlock in llnd RTC on 28th December. Launches Civil Disobedience Movement. The INC declared illegal.
Gandhiji was arrested and imprisoned without trial on 4th January.
British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald announced the infamous "Communal Award" on 16th August.
Gandhiji in jail, begins his epic "fast unto death" against the Communal Award on 20th September and ends the fast on 26th of the same month after the Poona Pact.
The Third Round Table Conference begins in London (Nov 17 to Dec 24)
Gandhiji released from prison as he begins fast for self-purification on 9th May. INC suspends Civil Disobedience movement but authorizes Satyagraha by individuals.
Gandhiji withdraws from active politics and devotes himself to constructive programmes (1934-39).
The Government of India Act 1935 was passed on 4th August
Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 (Feb 1937). The INC contests election and forms ministries in several provinces (Jul 1937).
Haripura session of INC was held on 19th February. Subhash Chandra Boss was elected Congress president on the 20th of February.
Tripuri session of the INC was conducted from the 10th to the 12th of March.
Subhash Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC in April.
Second World War (Sep 1). Great Britain declares war on Germany on 3rd September; the Viceroy declares that India too is at war.
Between 27th October to 5th November, the Congress ministries in the provinces resign in protest against the war policy of the British government.
The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as ‘Deliverance Day’ on 22nd December.
Lahore session of ihe Muslim League passes the Pakistan Resolution in March
Viceroy Linlithgow announces-August Offer on 10th of August.
Congress Working Committee rejects the 'August Offer' between 18th to the 22nd of August.
Congress launches Individual Satyagraha movement on 17th October.
Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India on 17 January; arrives in Berlin (Mar 28).
Churchill announces the Cripps Mission on 11th of March
The INC meets in Bombay; adopts 'Quit India' resolution on 7th & 8th August.
Gandhiji and other Congress leaders were arrested on 9th August
Quit India movement begins on 11th of August; the Great Aug Uprising.
Subhash Chandra Bose established the Indian National Army 'Azad Hind Fauj' on 1st September.
Subhash Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the Provisonal Government of Free India on 21st October.
Karachi session of the Muslim League adopts the slogan Divide arc in December.
Wavell calls Simla Conference in a bid to form the Executive Council at Indian political leaders on 25th January.
Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay.
Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi (Mar 14);British Prime Minister Attlee announces Cabinet Mission ro propose new solution to the Indian deadlock on 15th March; ; issues proposal (May 16).
Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress president on 6th July.
Wavell invites Nehru to form an interim government on 6th August; Interim Government takes office (Sep 2).
First session of the Constituent Assembly of India starts on 9th December. Muslim League boycotts it.
On 20th February, British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government would leave India not later than Jun 1948.
Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy and Governor General of India, sworn in on 24th March
Mountbatten Plan was made on 3rd June for the partition of India and the announcement was made on June 4th that transfer to power will take place on August 15th