On one hand, there has been a political debate in the country about Chowkidar vs Berojgar, on the other hand 50 million rural women left the job market between 2004-05 and 2017-18. According to the National Sample Survey Organization’s (NSSO) Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) of 2017-18, this deficiency has been observed in most women ages 15-59 years. According to these figures, working rural women have halved the trend towards job placement between 2004-05 and 2017-18.
Statistics of the NSSS, which the Central Government has banned, the statistics of the women’s national job market are shocking. In view of the statistics of the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS), the participation of rural women decreased from 49.4 per cent in 2002-05 to 35.8 per cent in 2011-12 and 24.6 per cent in 2017-18. In this way, the participation of working rural women was reduced to half as compared to 2004-05.
According to experts, the reason for such a major decline in the participation of rural women can be their growing involvement in education, but the growing trend towards education is not clear from the situation. Apart from this, the reasons that are being told are that women do not want to stay in the already shrinking employment market in which is males dominated. Apart from this, cultural changes in society can also be one of the reasons.
However, the particular point in this report is that the participation of working women in urban areas increased by 0.4 percent. In this regard, the number of women seeking a job in the last 6 years has increased by 12 lakhs. However, between 2004-05 and 2011-12, the figure had fallen by 2.2 percent.
Apart from this, the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) states that the participation of women in regular pay / salaried jobs has increased steadily from 2011-12 to 2017-18. In this case, urban areas have registered an increase of 9.6 per cent, which is equivalent to 20 lakh jobs. So, in the rural areas, women’s trend towards regular pay / salaried jobs increased by 4.9%, which is equal to 15 lakhs and jobs.
It is worth mentioning that according to a report by Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) 2017-18 released by the NSSO, the number of people working in the field since 2011-12 has declined by more than 40 percent. Casual Labour means to people who are temporarily employed.